Vineri, 22 Noiembrie 2019
Vineri, 22 Noiembrie 2019

Kontakt / In front of the Common Cause and Memory of Officer Teodor Mărginean and Baron Kemény János

I am coming from Transylvania, bringing you the message of those Hungarians and Romanians who love Liberty. I arrived in Pittsburgh having two aims.

The first is to speak about the forgotten Romanian hero, Teodor Mărginean, who tried to use the ideas of the Hungarian uprising in his plans to liberate his country, Romania, which was under Bolshevik regime. Teodor Mărginean was a Romanian officer from Bistrița, who listened often to the radio Free Europe in times when this was a forbidden thing. When the Hungarian uprising from 1956 was beaten down, he gathered his comrades explaining to them why the Hungarians were fighting, encouraging young Romanian officers to help him liberate the political prisoners from Gherla and Cluj.

We have only little written information about his action. We know that he left the soldiers` barrack with a dozen of tanks. His attempt was stopped suddenly because one of his officers was member of the Romanian KGB, called Securitate. First, he succeeded to escape to the surrounding forest. Later, he was betrayed and captured. After being imprisoned for a short time, he was executed at the edge of the forest. Today, he doesn`t have even one street or square bearing his name.

Now, when we celebrate the events of the Hungarian uprising, we have the duty to speak about him – about a brave Romanian officer who loved freedom so much that he gave his life for it, in reality for the freedom of Europe.

The second purpose of my visit is to put in highlights the name of a great Transylvanian writer, a leader who supported financially the Transylvanian writers in an extraordinary way. He invited to his castle the Transylvanian Hungarian writers offering them the possibility to organize themselves. There was the famous Helikon Association. This cultic figure of the literary life was born here in Pittsburgh, staying with his Californian mother and Transylvanian father up until his first birthday. When he was 1 year old, his father died and his Californian mother moved to Transylvania. His name is baron Kemény János.

If Pittsburgh would not have been a friendly and loving birthplace for him, now in 2017 we could not be talking about Transylvanian literary life, after the First World War, when Hungarians were spread in 4 new countries.

What is common between a Romanian officer and a Transylvanian Hungarian writer, baron and a literature organizer?

I think the answer is easier than we imagine. Both of them wanted to make something for their nation, Mărginean for the Romanians and Kemény for the Hungarians.

The memorial plaque which will be set up today here on the wall of an important center of the Hungarians from Pittsburgh was made by the famous Transylvanian sculptor, Hunyadi László. The material background was offered by the Erdélyi Magyar Néppárt (EMNP).

Szabó Csaba
President of the White Raven Association from Cluj/Kolozsvár - Romania